Question: What Are The Basic Terms Used In Accounting?

What are the 5 basic accounting principles?

What are the 5 basic principles of accounting?Revenue Recognition Principle.

When you are recording information about your business, you need to consider the revenue recognition principle.

Cost Principle.

Matching Principle.

Full Disclosure Principle.

Objectivity Principle..

What is basic accounting?

Basic accounting refers to the process of recording a company’s financial transactions. It involves analyzing, summarizing and reporting these transactions to regulators, oversight agencies and tax collection entities. … Basic accounting is one of the key functions in almost all types of business.

What are the types of accounting?

If you need income tax advice please contact an accountant in your area.Financial Accounting. Financial accounting involves recording and categorizing transactions for business. … Cost Accounting. … Auditing. … Managerial Accounting. … Accounting Information Systems. … Tax Accounting. … Forensic Accounting. … Fiduciary Accounting.

What are the 3 rules of accounting?

Take a look at the three main rules of accounting:Debit the receiver and credit the giver.Debit what comes in and credit what goes out.Debit expenses and losses, credit income and gains.

What are the 12 accounting principles?

Here are some of the most commonly accepted accounting principles and how they apply to an accountant’s role and duties:Accrual principle. … Conservatism principle. … Consistency principle. … Cost principle. … Economic entity principle. … Full disclosure principle. … Going concern principle. … Matching principle.More items…•

What are the basic terms of accounting?

Basic accounting terms, acronyms, abbreviations and concepts to rememberAccounts receivable (AR) … Accounting (ACCG) … Accounts payable (AP) … Assets (fixed and current) (FA, CA) … Asset classes. … Balance sheet (BS) … Capital (CAP) … Cash flow (CF)More items…•

What are the 5 types of accounts?

The 5 core types of accounts in accountingAssets.Expenses.Liabilities.Equity.Income or revenue.

What are the 2 kinds of bookkeeping?

There are two types of bookkeeping systems used in recording business transactions: single-entry bookkeeping system and double-entry bookkeeping system.Single-Entry Bookkeeping System. … Double-Entry Bookkeeping System.

How can I learn basic accounting?

Get an understanding of the basic accounting concepts. Learn the preparation of journal entry,ledgers trial balances and financial statements and 10 column workbooks. Understand the process of closure of accounts. Know the process of making adjustments in books.

What are the 4 principles of GAAP?

Understanding GAAP1.) Principle of Regularity.2.) Principle of Consistency.3.) Principle of Sincerity.4.) Principle of Permanence of Methods.5.) Principle of Non-Compensation.6.) Principle of Prudence.7.) Principle of Continuity.8.) Principle of Periodicity.More items…•

What are the 6 types of accounts?

Simple Example Chart of AccountsAsset Accounts.Liability Accounts.Equity Accounts (for sole proprietorship and partnerships)Equity Accounts (for corporations)Revenue Accounts.Expense Accounts.Asset accounts.Liability accounts.More items…

How many types of bank accounts are there?

Types of Bank Deposit Accounts in India – Current, Saving Bank, Recurring Deposit, Fixed Deposit Accounts. Traditionally banks in India have four types of deposit accounts, namely Current Accounts, Saving Banking Accounts, Recurring Deposits and, Fixed Deposits.

What is the first rule of accounting?

The following are the rules of debit and credit which guide the system of accounts, they are known as the Golden Rules of accountancy: First: Debit what comes in, Credit what goes out. Second: Debit all expenses and losses, Credit all incomes and gains. Third: Debit the receiver, Credit the giver.