What Are The Basic Accounting Terms?

What are 3 types of accounts?

A business must use three separate types of accounting to track its income and expenses most efficiently.

These include cost, managerial, and financial accounting, each of which we explore below..

What are the 4 principles of GAAP?

Understanding GAAP1.) Principle of Regularity.2.) Principle of Consistency.3.) Principle of Sincerity.4.) Principle of Permanence of Methods.5.) Principle of Non-Compensation.6.) Principle of Prudence.7.) Principle of Continuity.8.) Principle of Periodicity.More items…•

What are the 6 types of accounts?

Simple Example Chart of AccountsAsset Accounts.Liability Accounts.Equity Accounts (for sole proprietorship and partnerships)Equity Accounts (for corporations)Revenue Accounts.Expense Accounts.Asset accounts.Liability accounts.More items…

What are the 3 Definition of accounting?

1 : the system of recording and summarizing business and financial transactions and analyzing, verifying, and reporting the results also : the principles and procedures of this system studied accounting as a freshman.

What are the purposes of accounting?

The main objective of accounting is to record financial transactions in the books of accounts to identify, measure and communicate economic information. Moreover, tax reporting agencies require you to keep books at a minimum level that tracks income and expenditure.

What are the 5 major types of accounting?

There are five main types of accounts in accounting, namely assets, liabilities, equity, revenue and expenses. Their role is to define how your company’s money is spent or received. Each category can be further broken down into several categories.

What are the 12 accounting principles?

Here are some of the most commonly accepted accounting principles and how they apply to an accountant’s role and duties:Accrual principle. … Conservatism principle. … Consistency principle. … Cost principle. … Economic entity principle. … Full disclosure principle. … Going concern principle. … Matching principle.More items…•

What are the types of accounting?

In this article, we’ll cover:Financial Accounting.Cost Accounting.Auditing.Managerial Accounting.Accounting Information Systems.Tax Accounting.Forensic Accounting.Fiduciary Accounting.

What are the 2 types of accounting?

The two primary methods of accounting are accrual accounting and cash accounting. Cash accounting reports revenues and expenses as they are received and paid; accrual accounting reports them as they are earned and incurred.

What are the 3 basic elements of accounting?

The three major elements of accounting are: Assets, Liabilities, and Capital. These terms are used widely in accounting so it is necessary that we take a close look at each element. But before we go into them, we need to understand what an “account” is first.

What are the 4 areas of accounting?

Although there are many other specialties, the four major areas of accounting are:Public accounting.Management accounting.Governmental accounting.Internal auditing.

What are the basic terms used in accounting?

Basic accounting terms, acronyms, abbreviations and concepts to rememberAccounts receivable (AR) … Accounting (ACCG) … Accounts payable (AP) … Assets (fixed and current) (FA, CA) … Asset classes. … Balance sheet (BS) … Capital (CAP) … Cash flow (CF)More items…•

What is an accounting simple terms?

Accounting is the process of recording financial transactions pertaining to a business. The accounting process includes summarizing, analyzing and reporting these transactions to oversight agencies, regulators and tax collection entities.

What are the three golden rules of accounting?

Take a look at the three main rules of accounting:Debit the receiver and credit the giver.Debit what comes in and credit what goes out.Debit expenses and losses, credit income and gains.

What is petty cash book?

A petty cash book is a ledger kept with the petty cash fund to record amounts that are added to or subtracted from its balance. Petty cash should be part of an overall business accounting system that documents how your business moves funds between one account and another and how it spends its money.

What is accounts receivable journal entry?

Accounts Receivable Journal Entry. Account receivable is the amount which the company owes from the customer for selling its goods or services and the journal entry to record such credit sales of goods and services is passed by debiting the accounts receivable account with the corresponding credit to the Sales account.

What is the 8 branches of accounting?

The famous branches or types of accounting include: financial accounting, managerial accounting, cost accounting, auditing, taxation, AIS, fiduciary, and forensic accounting.

What are the important terms used in balance sheet?

Balance Sheet TermsAccounts Payable (AP) Accounts Payable include all of the expenses that a business has incurred but has not yet paid. … Accounts Receivable (AR) … Accrued Expense. … Asset (A) … Balance Sheet (BS) … Book Value (BV) … Equity (E) … Inventory.More items…

What are the 5 basic accounting principles?

What are the 5 basic principles of accounting?Revenue Recognition Principle. When you are recording information about your business, you need to consider the revenue recognition principle. … Cost Principle. … Matching Principle. … Full Disclosure Principle. … Objectivity Principle.

What is the basic accounting system?

An accounting system is the system used to manage the income, expenses, and other financial activities of a business.