What Are The Two Economic Theories?

What are the 2 types of economics?

Two major types of economics are microeconomics, which focuses on the behavior of individual consumers and producers, and macroeconomics, which examine overall economies on a regional, national, or international scale..

What are the economic theories and models?

What is an Economic Model?Theoretical Models. … Empirical Models. … Classical Economics. … Laissez-Faire Capitalism. … Marxism. … Efficient Market Hypothesis. … The Traditional System. … The Command System.More items…•

Who is the father of economics?

SamuelsonCalled the father of modern economics, Samuelson became the first American to win the Nobel Prize in Economics (1970) for his work to transform the fundamental nature of the discipline.

What is opposite of Keynesian economics?

Simply put, the difference between these theories is that monetarist economics involves the control of money in the economy, while Keynesian economics involves government expenditures. Monetarists believe in controlling the supply of money that flows into the economy while allowing the rest of the market to fix itself.

What are the main economic theories?

25 Theories To Get You StartedSupply and Demand (Invisible Hand)Classical Economics.Keynesian Economics.Neoclassical Synthesis (Keynesian for near-term macro; Classical for micro and long-term macro)Neo-Malthusian (Resource Scarcity)Marxism.Laissez Faire Capitalism.Market Socialism.More items…•

What are the 5 concepts of economics?

Here are five economic concepts that everybody should know:Supply and demand. Many of us have seen the infamous curves and talked about equilibrium in our micro- and macroeconomic classes, but how many of us apply that information to our daily lives? … Scarcity. … Opportunity cost. … Time value of money. … Purchasing power.

What are the models of economic system?

Economic systems can be categorized into four main types: traditional economies, command economies, mixed economies, and market economies.

What are the 5 key economic indicators?

Top Economic Indicators and How They’re UsedGross Domestic Product (GDP) GDP is a lagging indicator. … The Stock Market. The stock market is a leading indicator. … Unemployment. Unemployment is a lagging indicator. … Consumer Price Index (CPI) … Producer Price Index (PPI) … Balance of Trade. … Housing Starts. … Interest Rates.More items…•

What are the 4 economic theories?

Since the 1930s, four macroeconomic theories have been proposed: Keynesian economics, monetarism, the new classical economics, and supply-side economics. All these theories are based, in varying degrees, on the classical economics that preceded the advent of Keynesian economics in the 1930s.

The two predominant economic systems today are capitalism and socialism.

What are the economic growth theories?

The principal theories of economic growth include: … Neo-classical-theory – Growth based on supply-side factors such as labour productivity, size of the workforce, factor inputs. Endogenous growth theories – Rate of economic growth strongly influenced by human capital and rate of technological innovation.

What is the Keynesian theory of unemployment?

Such unemployment has been called ‘involuntary unemployment’ by Keynes. In establishing his theory of involuntary unemployment, Keynes rejected the classical assumption of wage-price flexibility. Money wages are rigid or inflexible in the downward direction. … Or wage rate cannot fall below a certain level.

What is the alternative to Keynesian economics?

Post-Keynesian economics is an alternative school—one of the successors to the Keynesian tradition with a focus on macroeconomics. They concentrate on macroeconomic rigidities and adjustment processes, and research micro foundations for their models based on real-life practices rather than simple optimizing models.

What are the 3 major theories of economics?

The three competing theories for economic contractions are: 1) the Keynesian, 2) the Friedmanite, and 3) the Fisherian. The Keynesian view is that normal economic contractions are caused by an insufficiency of aggregate demand (or total spending).

What is economic theory?

Meaning of economic theory in English Basic economic theory states that if wages are too high, economic growth will suffer. … a particular idea or principle that aims to describe how an economy works: He disagreed with supply-side economic theories.

What are the 3 economic questions?

economies answer the economic questions of (1) what to produce, (2) how to produce, and (3) for whom to produce. What is produced? based on custom and the habit of how such decisions were made in the past. Many traditional economies are found in rural areas where people depend on members of their extended families.

What are the three economic systems?

This module introduces the three major economic systems: command, market, and mixed. We’ll also discuss the characteristics and management implications of each system, such as the role of government or a ruler/ruling party.

What is a good economic model?

An economic model is a simplified version of reality that allows us to observe, understand, and make predictions about economic behavior. … A good model is simple enough to be understood while complex enough to capture key information. Sometimes economists use the term theory instead of model.